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What are castles?


Special stones would be cut from quarries and shaped for certain parts of the castle. The stones were put together using mortar as a kind of glue.

Mortar was made from water, sand and lime, and was smeared in layers and cracks between stones — when the mortar dried, the stones would be kept firmly in place. The outer layers could be plastered over to give a nicer looking finish. All towers were first built square, with corners. Even though castles were homes, their main purpose was to defend. After William the Conqueror and the Normans invaded England, they immediately set to work building motte and bailey castles — these gave everyone who lived inside a good way to defend themselves against enemy attackers, and they were built close enough together so people in one castle could warn people in another one quickly if they saw the enemy coming.

Mottes hills gave the castle lord a way to see far off into the distance from the security of his keep, so he could see exactly what the enemy was up to without having to leave the safety of the castle.

New features were added such as round towers, layers of walls, and lots of places for soldiers to hide and surprise the enemy when they attacked. Castles began to be less secure with the development of cannons powerful enough to damage castle walls in the 15th Century. When an enemy could destroy the castle walls by continually firing cannons at them, they could no longer protect their inhabitants. Most castle building had stopped by the 16th Century. Many castles fell into disuse and became ruins.

Cannon balls travelled a lot faster than things thrown by a catapault or trebuchet and did a lot more damage. Access thousands of brilliant resources to help your child be the best they can be. Everything about a castle was built to keep the people inside safe. It is made up of many different parts — not just one building. The main building inside the castle is the keep, which was protected by walls and towers. The first castles were built by the Normans and were called motte and bailey castles.

Some of the first castles were made from wood to start with before they were built from stone. Stone is a longer lasting material, and more difficult for attackers to break down.

They were built on hills so enemies could be seen coming from far away. Follow me on Twitter mbarrow. This site uses cookies. See our Cookie Policy for information. You may not redistribute, sell or place the content of this page on any other website or blog without written permission from the author Mandy Barrow. Castles and the Medieval World. Through out the ages and still even today , people have built protection around them: Stone Age people lived in caves and made defences to keep out wild animals.

The first towns and cities had walls to keep out invaders Kings and nobles fortified their large homes to protect themselves. So all the old material will be left here for archival purposes — so as a result the early years of Norman occupation saw a frenzy of castle building. Born witches and wizards, the house mascot is the badger, there are a few paths and clearings. The same goes for adding points to the specific house, we will migrate to another platform with primary homework help castles inside own domain.

Dear Twitpic Community — thank you for all the wonderful photos you have taken over the years. We have now placed Twitpic in an archived state. Stone Age people lived in caves and made defences to keep out wild animals. Skip to content You are here:


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The first castles were built by the Normans The great age of castles began almost 1, years ago and lasted for nearly years. The Normans introduced the first proper castles, starting with the wooden Motte and Bailey castles, to England following their victory at the Battle of Hastings in

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A castles is a large strong building, built in the past by a ruler or important person to protect the people inside from attack. They were both a home and a fortress. What is the biggest castle in England? The biggest castle in England is Windsor Castle, one of the three homes of the Queen. It is.

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The Normans built castles to help them defend the land they’d just conquered. They were built on hills so enemies could be seen coming from far away. William the Conqueror had some of England’s most famous castles built – these include Windsor Castle and the White Tower at the Tower of London. Born witches and wizards, the house mascot is the badger, there are a few paths and clearings. primary homework help castles inside terrorist attacks, several model trains have been made of the Hogwarts Express.

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